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News an Articles
The story of black nurses in the UK didn't start with Windrush
Last week, the Office for National Statistics confirmed what many had suspected since the start of this pandemic – black, Asian and minority ethnic people are far more likely to get and die from coronavirus. But it is the scale of difference that is so worrying. Black people are more than four times more likely to die from Covid-19 than white people. Even after taking into account age, underlying health and income factors, they are still almost twice as likely as white people to die from the virus.
The government has promised that a review by Public Health England into how ethnicity affects vulnerability to coronavirus will be published by the end of May. It can’t come soon enough: among frontline NHS and social care workers, the difference is all too stark: despite accounting for just 20% of the workforce, 94% of doctors and 71% of nurses who have died from Covid-19 were black, Asian and minority ethnic. It has prompted NHS England to recommend risk assessments for BAME frontline staff to reduce their exposure to the virus.   read more

From The Guardian - UK

Factors affecting health literacy among immigrants
Health literacy helps individuals makes informed decisions, which contributes to an increase in individuals’ health and empowerment. Existing studies report that immigrant populations are one of the most vulnerable social groups which experience serious health disparities and poor health outcomes, such as a high level of morbidity due to a lack of health literacy. However, there is little attention paid to contributing factors which lead to health disparities among immigrant populations. This study aims to address this gap in the literature through a systematic review of relevant literature.
A systematic review of nine databases including RISS, DBPia, KISS, Korea National Assembly Library database, Scopus, Web of Science, PubMed, CINAHL Plus with Full Text, and Cochrane Library was conducted. English and Korean publications were searched using keywords (Health Literacy, Immigrants, Minority, Ethnic Group, married migrant women)... read more

From European Journal of Public Healty - Oxford Academy - UK

Health literacy - Impact
What is health literacy?
There are many definitions of health literacy available, the national health literacy action action plan defines health literacy as:
"Health literacy is about people having enough knowledge, understanding, skills and confidence to use health information, to be active partners in their care, and to navigate health and social care systems"
Health literacy relates to a range of communications including, written, spoken and visual. All health and social care staff in Scotland have a responsibility to support health literacy.  read more

From The Health Literacy Place - NHS Education for Scotland - UK

Meeting the health literacy need of immigrant populations
Immigrant populations are vulnerable to serious health disparities, with many immigrants experiencing significantly worse health outcomes, such as higher rates of morbidity and mortality, than other segments of society. Immigrants disproportionately suffer from heart attacks, cancer, diabetes, strokes, HIV/AIDS, and many other serious diseases. These health risks demand effective health communication to help immigrants recognize, minimize, and respond effectively to potential health problems. Yet, while the need for effective communication about health risks is particularly acute, it is also tremendously complicated to communicate effectively with these vulnerable populations.... read more

From ResearchGate - UK

Interventions for improving health literacy in migrants

  • To assess the effectiveness of interventions for improving health literacy in migrants.
  • To assess whether female or male migrants may respond differently to the identified interventions.

Such interventions must address health literacy either as a comprehensive construct or at least one of its four health information processing steps (access, understand, appraise, apply). However, we do not aim to equate general health literacy interventions that include a range of activities targeted to all of the four health information processing steps with interventions that aim to improve only one step (e.g. understand). We aim instead to create a comprehensive picture of the effect of health literacy interventions by applying the integrated model as an umbrella framework for a deductive analysis of the four steps of health information processing..... read more

From Cochrane - UK

Culture & Health Literacy

Tools for Cross-Cultural Communication and Language Access Can Help Organizations Address Health Literacy and Improve Communication Effectiveness

The ideas people have about health, the languages they use, the health literacy skills they have, and the contexts in which they communicate about health reflect their cultures. Organizations can increase communication effectiveness when they recognize and bridge cultural differences that may contribute to miscommunication...... read more

From Centers of Disease Control and Prevention - UK

Plain Language in Healthcare

  • What is health literacy?
  • Why is health literacy an issue for health communication professionals?
  • Can better communication strategies improve health?
  • Where can I learn more about health literacy?
Literacy is defined most simply as the ability to read and write. We can think of literacy as the ability to understand and communicate information. In this context, it is useful to think of health literacy as the ability to understand and communicate health information.
The Institute of Medicine’s recent report defines health literacy as “the degree to which individuals have the capacity to obtain, process, and understand basic health information and services needed to make appropriate health decisions.” ..... read more

From - USA

Health Literacy as a Contributor to Immigrant
Health Disparities
The ability to obtain, understand and use the information needed to make wise health choices is known as health literacy. Low health literacy among members of populations with poor reading skills, limited mastery of the English language, members of ethnic or cultural minorities, and immigrants is likely a major contributor to health disparities in the US (Agency for Health Care Policy and Research 1997). A series of focus groups with East-Asian, African, Central and South American immigrants was conducted to better understand the perceptions of immigrants seeking health care services in an urban North Carolina county. Participants’ responses are reported in terms of cultural competency, patient education, medication compliance, and communication. Implications for improving the health literacy of immigrant populations are discussed. ..... read more

From University of Nevada, Las Vegas - USA

Ask Me 3: Good Questions for Your Good Health
Institute for Healthcare Improvement
Boston, Massachusetts, USA

Ask Me 3® is an educational program that encourages patients and families to ask three specific questions of their providers to better understand their health conditions and what they need to do to stay healthy.
  1. What is my main problem?
  2. What do I need to do?
  3. Why is it important for me to do this?

Designed by health literacy experts, Ask Me 3 is intended to help patients become more active members of their health care team, and provide a critical platform to improve communications between patients, families, and health care professionals. ..... read more

From Institute for Healtcare Improvement - USA

Health Information in Multiple Languages

Use these links to find health information in languages other than English. See our quality guidelines for how we select the links on these pages.
Browse information in multiple languages by health topic. ..... read more

From MedlinePlus - USA

Health Topics

Read about symptoms, causes, treatment and prevention for over 1000 diseases, illnesses, health conditions and wellness issues. MedlinePlus health topics are regularly reviewed, and links are updated daily.. ..... read more

From MedlinePlus - USA

What Is the Apgar Score?

The Apgar score is a test given to newborns soon after birth. This test checks a baby's heart rate, muscle tone, and other signs to see if extra medical care or emergency care is needed.
The test is usually given twice: once at 1 minute after birth, and again at 5 minutes after birth. Sometimes, if there are concerns about the baby's condition, the test may be given again. ..... read more

From KidsHealth - USA

Vaccine Preventable Diseases

Vaccination against a range of bacterial and viral diseases is an integral part of communicable disease control world-wide. Vaccination against a specific disease not only reduces the incidence of that disease, it reduces the social and economic burden of the disease on communities. Very high immunisation coverage can lead to complete blocking of transmission for many vaccine preventable diseases (VPDs). The world-wide eradication of smallpox and the near eradication of polio from many countries provide excellent examples of the role of immunisation in disease control...... read more

From Department of Health - AU

Visualizing health
A Sciantifically Vetted Style Guide for Communicating Health Data

Data can help people make better decisions about their health. But it’s not always clear what sort of presentation will make the most sense to the most people. Visualizing Health contains graphic displays of health information that we’ve validated through research among the general public. Visualizing Health was developed by the University of Michigan, with funding from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation...... read more

From Visualizing Health Project - USA

Stories from the field
helping migrants to help themselves through health literacy

After working as an assistant nurse and social worker in Sweden for more than 10 years, Noorihe Halimi now teaches recently arrived migrants how to make their way through the intricacies of the state health-care system...... read more

From WHO Regional office for Europe - EU

Supporting better outcomes
for migrant and refugee women

Migration-related factors are recognised as social determinants of health. Conditions surrounding migration and resettlement may exacerbate health inequities, exposing women and their families to increased health risks and poorer health outcomes.
The Australian Bureau of Statistics estimates that there are more than three million overseas-born women in Australia and about 460,000 of them reported that they do not speak English well or at all...... read more

From Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists - NZ

Reproductive healthcare for womenin immigration detention centres

According to the United Nations High Commission for Refugees (UNHCR), there are 13 million refugees globally, 10 million stateless people and, by mid-2014, 1.2 million people were seeking asylum.
In the global context, the Oceania region has relatively small numbers of refugees and asylum seekers...... read more

From Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists - NZ

Health promotion for improved refugee and migrant health
Technical guidance

The Migration and Health programme
The Migration and Health programme, the first fully fledged programme on migration and health at the WHO Regional Office for Europe, was established to support Member States to strengthen the health sector’s capacity to provide evidenceinformed responses to the public health challenges of refugee and migrant health. The programme operates under the umbrella of the European health policy framework Health 2020, providing support to Member States....... read more

From WHO Regional office for Europe - EU

8 Ways to Improve Health Literacy
Institute for Healthcare Improvement
Boston, Massachusetts, USA

For Health Literacy Month, IHI Executive Director Frank Federico describes what care providers should do to improve their communication with patients to help improve the safety and reliability of care.
The Institute of Medicine defines health literacy as “the degree to which individuals can obtain, process, and understand the basic information and services they need to make appropriate health decisions.” Studies show that health literacy is a strong predictor of health status...... read more

From Institute for Healtcare Improvement - USA

Improve Your Health Literacy With These Steps
Here are some easy ways to help build your health literacy and become a better patient and health advocate for yourself.

Sitting on a beach gazing at the ocean. Eating a celebratory meal with family and friends. Riding bikes through the park with your kids. Most people have a long list of places they'd rather be than in a doctor's office waiting or exam room.
Even if feel that visits are stressful, scary, time-consuming or a hassle, you should make the most of them for the sake of your health.
We live in a time when the health care system can be confusing and complicated even to the most educated people. Still, it's more important now than ever to understand your health. ....... read more

From Healthywomen - USA

Four Simple Strategies for Improving Your Patients’ Health Literacy

The U.S. has a health literacy problem. According to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, nearly nine out of ten adults lack the necessary skills to manage their health and prevent disease. Low health literacy has been linked to higher rates of chronic illnesses and preventable hospitalizations, poor self-care and less frequent use of preventive services........ read more

From Advance care planning decisions - USA

Migration and mental health - the Ulysse syndrome
Introduction to the Ulysses syndrome

Migrants live a very particular reality, and their problems do not resemble those of other persons who have never left their place of origin. It is for this reason that the mental health issues of migrants must be adressed from another point of view. The 'Ulysses Syndrone' is the migrant syndrome of chronic and multiple stress. In other words, it is what migrants experience when their problems multiply and are long lasting. ...... read more

From Advance care planning decisions - USA

Health of men, women, and children in post-trafficking services in Cambodia, Thailand,
and Vietnam: an observational cross-sectional study

Trafficking is a crime of global proportions involving extreme forms of exploitation and abuse. Yet little research has been done of the health risks and morbidity patterns for men, women, and children trafficked for various forms of forced labour. ...... read more

From The Lancet Global Health - UK, USA, China

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